Diabetes Ayurvedic Treatment

Diabetes ayurvedic treatment contains ayurvedic medicines, home remedies for diabetes, herbs for diabetes, yoga asana for diabetes, lifestyle, and diet for diabetes.

Diabetes ayurvedic treatment

Diabetes is a chronic disease marked by high levels of sugar in the blood. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both. The pancreas does not make enough insulin. The muscle, fat, and liver cells do not respond to insulin normally.

Types Of Diabetes          

There are  three main types of diabetes-

•       Type 1 diabetes

•       Type 2 diabetes

•       Gestational diabetes

Diabetes in Ayurveda

In Ayurveda Diabetes Mellitus can be corelated with Madhumeha.

Madhumeha is a disease in which the urine of the patient is sweet like honey and quantitatively increased as well as astringent, pale and rough in quality and the whole body of madhumehi becomes sweet. (As ch. Ni 4/44, Su Ni 6/14, Ma Ni 33/26.)

In Madhumeha, imbalanced Doshas (especially Kapha and Pitta in association with Vata) block the channels related to Meda (adipose tissue / fat tissue) and Mamsa (muscle).

Due to obstruction of Vata, it transforms sweet ojas ( The essence of all dhatus) into astringent mixed sweet taste like honey. It discharges in the urine and condition Madhumeha is resulted. Madhumeha (Diabetes mellitus) is one type among 20 Prameha (urinary disorders) particularly one of the kinds of vatic disorder. Any prameha (urinary disorder) if neglected ultimately ends up in madhumeha due to nature of the illness.

ayurvedic treatment for Diabetes
Diabetes

Diabetes CAUSES :

Type 1 IDDM Causes-

1.     Type 1 diabetes is usually a progressive autoimmune disease, in which the beta cells that produce insulin are slowly destroyed by the body’s own immune system.              

•       Genetics

                       At least 18 genetic locations, labeled IDDM1 – IDDM18, are related

•       Viral infections

                        Enteric viruses- Coxsackie viruses ;mumps and congenital rubella                                   

•       Age

                        Appears between infancy and the late 30s, most typically in childhood or adolescence

•       Race

                 Found among Caucasian youth

•       Early infancy illness

•       Diabetic father

•       Mother age>30 years

•       Mother having pre-eclampsia during pregnancy

•       Autoimmune disorders

                                     Grave’s disease, Hashimoto’s, thyroiditis, Addison’s disease, Multiple sclerosis, or Pernicious anemia

Type 2 NIDDM Causes

                  Type 2 diabetes is caused by insulin resistance, in which the body does not properly use insulin.

•       Genetic—

Genetic mutations likely affect parts of the insulin gene and various other physiologic components involved in the regulation of blood sugar.

•       Poor diet–

Diets high in refined foods and sweets

low in fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein

•       Sedentary lifestyle

•       Overweight or obese

•       Old age–

               Diabetes is more common in people age 50 or older

•       High alcohol intake

•       Race–

                    African- American, Hispanic/Latin American, American-Indian, Alaska Native, Asian-American.

•       High blood pressure

•       Gestational diabetes

•       Baby birth weight> 9 pounds

•       Polycystic ovary syndrome

•       Acanthosis nigricans (dark, thickened skin around neck or armpits)

•       Blood vessels diseases

•       Depression

                       Severe clinical depression may modestly increase the risk for type 2 diabetes.           

•       Schizophrenia.

Diabetes Signs and Symptoms

A.   IDDM(type1)

1.     Being very thirsty

2.     Deep, rapid breathing

3.     Dry skin and mouth

4.     Feeling hungry

5.     Feeling tingling in feet

6.     Feeling tired

7.     Flushed face

8.     Fruity breath odor

9.     Having blurry eyesight

10.   Increased urination

11.   Losing weight without trying

12.   Nausea or vomiting

13.   Stomach pain

B.  NIDDM(TypeII)

1.     Acanthosis, characterized by velvety, dark colored patches of skin

2.     Blurred vision

3.     Erectile dysfunction in men

4.     Excessive thirst

5.     Fatigue

6.     Increased urination

7.     Itching

8.     Severe gum problems

9.     Unusual sensations(tingling or burning, in the extremities)

10.   Vaginal yeast/ fungal infections under the breasts/in groin in women

11.   Weight gain in children  

12.   Weight loss in adults

Diabetes Investigations–

1.     FBS

2.     RBS

3.     Glycosylated hemoglobin or hemoglobin A1c

4.     Oral glucose tolerance test

5.     Urine c/e —especially for ketone bodies.

Diabetes Ayurvedic Treatment :

Diabetes

Diabetes Ayurvedic Treatment mainly impact on- “Prevention is better than cure”

In Diabetes Ayurvedic Treatment Nidan Parivarjanam ((eliminating the cause of disease)  is the first line of treatment.

Diabetes Ayurvedic Treatment has following steps:

  1. Diabetes Ayurvedic Medicines

2. Home remedies For Diabetes

3. Yoga for Diabetes

4. Food for Diabetes:

5. Diabetes Complications

6. Diabetes Prevention

1. Diabetes Ayurvedic Medicines

The medicines for Diabetes Ayurvedic Treatment are as follow:

A. Vati 

Chandrabrabha vati

Arogyavardhini vati

Shilajit Vati

Sidh Makadhawaj

Cap. Guddnil 5

Tab Tinifat

Gokashuradi Guggul

Niruryadi gutika

Mehasamhari gutika

Chandrakala vati

Gandhaka

Nishamalaki

B. Basama–

Trivanga bhasma

Nag bhasam

Vang Bhasam

Abrak Bhasam

Yashad Bhasam

Parval pishthi

C. Rasa–

Basant Kusumakar ras

Meghanatha rasa

Mehantaka rasa

Mehari rasa

Vangeshwara rasa

Tarkeshwar ras

Amalaki rasayanam

D. Asava  – Kashayam —

Nishakathakadi Kashayam

Kathakakhadiradi Kashayam

Varanadi Kashayam

Aragwadhadi Kashayam

Jeevanthyadi Kashayam

Nimbamritadi panchatiktakam Kashayam

Jambvasava

E. Ghritam–

Dhanwantaram ghritam

Trikantakadi ghritam

F. Churna–

Panchanimba churna

Nishamalaki churna

Madhumehari Grannules

Along with the above medicines and remedies, Ayurveda also recommends

Regular Yoga, meditation and Pranayama to prevent or treat stress.

Regular exercise – to keep up good metabolism rates.

Regular oil massage – to treat muscle and joint aches and pains.

Regular eye exercises, eye checkup and Ayurvedic eye therapies such as Tarpana treatment to prevent and treat retinopathy.

Foot massage with neem based oils such as Nimbadi Tailam, to prevent and treat non healing wounds and ulcers.

2. Home Remedies for Diabetes:

Home remedies for Diabetes Ayurvedic Treatment are as follow-

1. Gurmar(gymnema sylvestre):

Gymnema sylvestre is considered to have anti-diabetic properties. It’s also called gurmar, (“destroyer of sugar”). It improve blood sugar control in people with type 2 diabetes by lowering blood sugar levels . It reduces the intestinal absorption of the glucose. it stimulate insulin production in pancreas and regenerate insulin-producing islet cells. This can help lower your blood sugar levels.

Gurmar(gymnema sylvestre)

2. Bel (Aegle marmelos):

Bel

Bael leaves are scientifically proven to have anti-diabetic, anti-cholesterol properties. It stimulates insulin production from pancreas, which helps in controlling blood sugar levels.

3. Turmeric:

turmeric
  • curcumin reduced blood sugar and cholesterol levels.
  • Curcumin prevented liver fat accumulation.
  • Curcumin improves insulin function.
  • Curcumin protects beta cells, which produce insulin.

4. Neem:

Neem

Neem leaves are loaded with flavonoids, triterpenoid, anti-viral compounds and glycosides, which may help manage blood sugar levels and ensure there is no surge in glucose. 

5. Shilajit :

shilajit

Shilajit is an herbal supplement which boosts the overall health of the body. It is most significantly used for the treatment of diabetes. Shilajit is rich in fulvic acid. It helps in eliminating free radicals which damage the pancreatic beta cells. These cells are responsible for the production of insulin. Shilajit works by repairing the damaged pancreas which enables it to release insulin and flush out toxins from the body.

5. Bitter Gourd Juice:

karela juice

 Juice of Bitter melon/Karela (10 ml) may be taken on empty stomach daily in the early morning. Crush the bitter melon into a grinder after separating its seeds. Little bit of water may also be added. Sieve this to have juice.

6. Ground bay leaf, Aloe Vera and Turmeric:

Ground bay leaf, Aloe Vera and Turmeric

The mixture of Ground bay leaf (1/4 tbsp), Turmeric (1/4 tbsp) and Aloe vera gel (1/2 tbsp) if taken twice a day before lunch and dinner, is helpful to control sugar in blood.

7. Methi Seeds:

fenugreek-seeds

Fenugreek seeds or its combination with ayurvedic herbs are useful remedy to lessen the signs and symptoms of diabetes. Soaked 1 tsf fenugreek seeds in warm water overnight followed by chewing it in the morning.Drink it daily for 3 months.

Chapattis are also prepared by adding methi powder.

8. Jamun Seeds:

Jamun Seeds

The seed powder of Eugenia jambolana (1 tsp) twice a day along with lukewarm water is very effective in curing diabetes. The chewing of Jamun leaves prevents the conversion of starch into sugar.

9. Amla:

amla

The juice of Amla (Embelica officinalis) (10 ml) twice a day is good for diabetic patient. The powder of Amla fruit may also be taken twice a day.

10. Banyan tree bark:

Banyan tree bark

The decoction of the bark of ficus bengalensis is consumed (20 ml) twice a day.

20 gm of ficus bark is heated in 4 glass of water. When the mixture remained approx. of 1 glass, it may be taken after make it cold.

21. Cinnamon powder:

Cinnamon powder

This is one of the important natural home remedies for diabetes and its complications.  First take one litre of drinkable water. Add 1-2 tbsp of cinnamon powder and heat it for 20 minutes. Strain the mixture and made it cool. Drink it every day.

22. Vijaysar Churna:

Vijaysar Churna

Pterocarpus marsupium is helpful in curing of diabetes mellitus. Pterocarpus marsupium bark may be taken in the form of powder twice a day.

The cube of vijaysar may be kept in water overnight. Drink it in the morning empty stomach.

23. Triphala:

Triphala

Triphala along with other ingredients are useful in lowering the sugar levels in blood.

The decoction of equal parts of Triphala, Root of Barberry and Colocynth (10ml) may be taken along with turmeric powder (1gm) twice a day.

3. Yogasana For Diabetes

The specific yogasana for Diabetes Ayurvedic Treatment are as follow-

diabetes-yogasana

1.Surya namaskar (sun salutations)

2. Vrikshasana

3. Dhanurasana (Bow pose)

4. Halasana (Plough Pose)

5. Ardha Matsyendrasana (Half Twist Pose)

6. Kapalbhati

7. Anulomvilom

8. Gomukhasan                   

9. Mandukasan

10. Uttanpadasan

11. Bhujangasana

12. Sarvangasana

4. Food for Diabetes:

food for diabetes

There is some specific diet in diabetes ayurvedic treatment. Foods which should always be included in the Diabetes diet are as follows:   

1. High Fiber Food

Aim for 50 grams of fiber a day, but start slowly. Load up on beans, vegetables and fruits.

2. Eat Whole Grains

Whole grains could effectively regulate the glycemic response, increase insulin sensitivity, improve pancreatic β-cell functions and increase insulin secretion.

Whole and multi grain breads, whole wheat pasta, brown rice, low-fat and multigrain crackers, low sugar, whole grain cereals, oatmeal, bran, buckwheat: low-fat, whole grain baked goods with added bran or oat bran, pasta, high fiber cereal, corn, oatmeal, millet, barley and rye.

According to diabetes ayurvedic treatment barley (yava) is the best grain for managing diabetes. Ayurveda prescribes old rice (Purana shali), as one of the cereals beneficial to diabetic patients.

3. Choose Fruits And Vegetables

Regular consumption of various fruits and vegetables in diabetic patients can lead to an improved glycemic control, reduced HbA1c and triglyceride levels, enhance antioxidant defense system, attenuated oxidative stress and inflammatory markers, decreased risk of diabetic complications(retinopathy and the burden of carotid atherosclerosis).

A. Fruits                        

Diabetes ayurvedic treatment contains fruits with a low glycemic index that is very beneficial to control diabetes. These fruits include-

•       apples

•       peaches

•       pears

•       grapefruit

•       grapes

•       oranges

•       melon

•       dried apricots

•       raisins

•       kiwi

•  berries, cranberry, blackberries, black raspberries, blueberries, red raspberries, strawberries, cherries, barberries

•       plums

•       litchi fruit

•       pomegranates

•       bananas

•       avocadoes

•       guava

•       papaya

•       jackfruit

•       watermelon

•       dates

•       figs

•       jamun

•       Indian gooseberry or amla

•       wood apple

•       lotus.

Avoid fruit juices. Instead opt for whole fruits, as they contain more fiber and are more filling.

B. Vegetables

Diabetes ayurvedic treatment always suggest to eat green leafy vegetables; eat in abundance fresh vegetables like

•       tomato

•       cucumber

•       carrot

•       broccoli

•       cabbage

•       cauliflower

•       spinach

•       kale

•       collard

•       squash

•       green beans

•       sweet potatoes

•       pumpkin

Avoid white potatoes.

Diabetes ayurvedic treatment recommends all types of bitter vegetables as these are the best vegetables for diabetics.

Bitter vegetables include bitter gourd, fenugreek, pointed gourd, garlic, cluster fig tree or Indian fig.

You can also have bitter greens like arugula, kale, dandelions and beet greens.

4. Add Spices

The anti-diabetic effects of spices include short-term hypoglycemia and long-term improved glucose tolerance activities. A number of condiments and spices have been reported to possess potential anti-diabetic agents.

These include:

•       pepper

•       asafoetida

•       aloe

•       ocimum

•       eugenol

•       fenugreek seeds

•       garlic

•       onion

•       turmeric

•       cumin seeds

•       ginger

•       curry leaves

•       cinnamon

•       mustard

•       coriander

5. Select Milk + Dairy

milk

Milk and yogurt with less than 1% fat and cheese should be 10-20% milk fat. They are rich in protein and calcium, and studies shows they help people to lose weight. Diets that include plenty of dairy may fight insulin resistance, a core problem behind diabetes. In addition to calcium, many fortified dairy products are a good source of vitamin D.

6. Fish

fish

Fish is rich in omega-3’s (polyunsaturated fat) which helps to protect against heart disease in people with diabetes.

7. Pulses + Legumes

Pulses + Legumes

Legumes have a low glycemic index, are high in fiber and phytochemicals. This makes them a functional food for diabetic patients.

The hypoglycemic effect of beans (via inhibition of α-amylase and β-glucosidase activity) has been reported as being similar to those of anti-diabetic drugs. Including beans like pinto, dark red kidney and black beans in the diet effectively helps weight management, attenuates postprandial glycemic response and improves dyslipidemia.

Have beans (black, pinto, kidney, garbanzo, white beans andsoybeans), peas, split peas, lentils and non-fat soy products for diabetic management.

Diabetes ayurvedic treatment, also recommend split green gram beans, Bengal gram, horse gram, and pigeon peas for diabetes management.

8. Nuts                       

nuts

Almonds, pistachios, walnuts and hazelnuts are commonly used nuts. Most current evidence reveals that consumption of nuts in type 2 diabetic patients other than improving the overall diet quality also has beneficial effects on postprandial glycemic response following high-carbohydrate meals. They also improve insulin resistance. Habitual intake of nuts could help to effectively manage weight especially in diabetic patients.

9. Unsalted Seeds

Flaxseeds, pumpkin seeds and sunflower seeds are filled with good fats like omega 3 fatty acids, protein, and fiber that work together to keep blood sugar low and stave off heart disease.

According to Ayurveda, lotus or water lily seeds can also be taken. Lotus seeds may be eaten cooked or raw. They are used extensively in Ayurvedic medicine.

10. Oils + Fats

According to Ayurveda, mustard oil is the best.

•       Olive

•       canola

•       soybean

•       sesame

•       sunflower oils (3 tsp or less per day),

•       non-hydrogenated soft margarines

•       low calorie dressings and mayonnaise

•       light peanut butter

•       nuts (watch salt and calories)

•       fat removed gravy can be taken.

   11. Snack Foods

Popcorn without salt, butter, or hydrogenated oils is a good choice. Choose low fat, low sugar snack foods.

5. Diabetes Complications:

Atherosclerosis

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Colorectal cancer

Coronary artery disease

Dementia

Depression

Diabetic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic Nephropathy

Diabetic Neuropathy

Diabetic Retinopathy

Eating Disorders

Erection problems

Foot ulcers and Amputation

Hearing loss

Hyperlipidemia

Hypertension

Hypoglycemia

Infections of the skin, female urinary tract, and urinary tract

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

Osteoporosis

Periodontal disease

Peripheral vascular disease

Stroke

Uterine cancer

6. Diabetes Prevention:

Intensive control of blood glucose and keeping glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels below 7%.

Managing risk factors for heart disease

Blood pressure, S. Cholesterol, S. triglyceride

Maintaining an ideal body weight

An active lifestyle

Routine tests for Kidneys

Routine eye-checkup

A thorough dental cleaning and exam.

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